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Resources

Let the Jury Do the Waive: How Apprendi v. New Jersey Applies to Juvenile Transfer Proceedings

This Note analyzes Apprendi's applicability to juvenile transfer proceedings throughout the United States.

Literature Review on Youth Tried As Adults

This review by the Juvenile Justice Project at UCLA Law School was commissioned by the Campaign for Youth Justice, and provides an update to the previous literature review published by the Youth Law Center in 1995.  The report compiles the latest research and reveals the harmful effects of transferring youth to the adult criminal justice system, where facilities are ill-equipped to address youth needs and promote rehabilitation by examining the effects on culpability, probability of incarceration, length of incarceration, location of incarceration, processing time, deterrence, and recidivism.

MAINE: Unsealed Fate: the unintended consequences of inadequate safeguarding of juvenile records in Maine

The goal of this report is to provide policy makers, the public and juvenile justice system practitioners with research about what those closest to the system understand about how records are handled and accessed, the impact of juvenile records and what improvements could be made that are consistent with the rehabilitative and public safety goals of the juvenile justice system in Maine.

MARYLAND: Youth Charged as Adults: The Use and Outcomes of Transfer in Baltimore City

A 2010 study of Baltimore City’s use of automatic charging of youth within the adult system showed that only 10 percent of youth charged as adults were ever actually sentenced to the adult prison system.9 Conversely, 68 percent of youth had their cases dismissed or waived back into the juvenile court system.This Article shares the findings of a new study picking up where the 2010 study left off. Advocates for Children and Youth secured access to the court records of all youth granted reverse waiver between January 2009 and December 2011 in Baltimore City.

Mending Justice: Sentinel Event Review

This research sheds light of how criminal justice systems should respond to errors. This series of articles focuses on sentinel event errors that could cause a change of reactions and threaten the integrity of the system as a whole.

MINNESOTA: Juvenile Transfer: From "Get Better" to "Get Tough" and Where We Go from Here

This article explores the evolution of the juvenile justice system and the corresponding implications for youthful offenders and society at large.

MONTANA: Blended Sentencing in Montana: A New Way to Look at an Old Problem

This comment concludes that blended sentencing statutes, specifically Montana's Extended Juvenile Jurisdiction statute, are appropriate alternatives in addressing the problems associated with juvenile offenders. Blended sentencing offers peace of mind to citizens without losing sight of the fact that most delinquency problems can be adequately addressed within the juvenile system.

NEW JERSEY: New Jersey’s Juvenile Waiver Reform and the Nexus Between Adolescent Development and Criminal responsibility

This article analyzes New Jersey's juvenile waiver laws with the help of scientific findings on adolescent brain development.

NEW JERSEY: Recommendations for the Reform of New Jersey’s Juvenile Waiver Laws

This research document uses scientific data to make recommendations for reform of the state's juvenile waiver laws. 

NEW YORK: The Continued Viability of New York’s Juvenile Offender Act in Light of Recent National Developments

This note argues that the New York Juvenile Offender Law—specifically the provisions regarding automatic transfer to criminal court for juveniles charged with certain crimes—is out of date.

No Place for Kids: The Case for Reducing Juvenile Incarceration

"No Place for Kids: The Case for Reducing Juvenile Incarceration" is a report by the Annie E. Casey Foundation which examines the detrimental impact of America’s over-reliance on incarceration of youth in a thorough, in-depth analysis of its effect on youth and public safety. Combining research, data and testimony, the analysis shows that America’s reliance on incarcerating young offenders has not only failed to combat youth crime but also that reducing these rates and closing facilities does not increase juvenile crime rates. 

NORTH CAROLINA: Justice Reinvestment: NCCALJ Committee on Criminal Investigation and Adjudication Report on Raise the Age

The Committee recommends that North Carolina raise the age of juvenile court jurisdiction to include youthful offenders aged 16 and 17 years old for all crimes except Class A through E felonies and traffic offenses.

OJJDP Releases Report of Family Listening Sessions on Juvenile Justice

In 2011, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) and the Campaign for Youth Justice convened four listening sessions involving families and youth who have had direct experiences with the juvenile justice system at the local or state levels. This report summarizes the participants' experiences and their recommendations for reform. The listening sessions provide OJJDP, state juvenile justice agencies, and other stakeholders with a greater understanding of the challenges families face when their child becomes involved in the juvenile or criminal justice systems

Programs that Promote Positive Development Can Help Young Offenders Grow up and Out of Crime

This brief deals with issues concerning the impact of an adolescent's level of maturity on future offending are discussed. In particular, ways to help serious juvenile offenders acquire the skills they need to live crime-free in the community. This report explains why: serious juvenile offenders, like their non-offending counterparts, vary in their patterns of development; most serious juvenile offenders are not on the road to persistent adult offending; multiple components of maturity are related to reduced offending; and reducing offending means not simply restricting opportunities to offend but expanding opportunities to grow.

Prosecution, Transfer, and Registration of Serious Juvenile Sex Offenders

This overview paints a broad picture of the state of the law in the United States regarding these issues, and then takes a look at the relevant provisions regarding sex offender registration and notification for juveniles adjudicated delinquent in juvenile court of serious sex offenses.

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