The Children's Action Alliance is an independent voice for AZ children’s health, education & security through information & action at the state capitol & community.
Bill Number: HB 2073/ SB 1346
Type of Reform
Raises the direct file age
Year: Introduced 2018
Bill Number: SB 1308 -WIN!
Type of ReformDetention Reform- Pretrial detention; Allows a juvenile charged with or on trial for a felony to be detained in a juvenile detention center if the detention is order by the court.Year: 2016
Bill Number: SB 1191 - WIN!
Type of Reform
Transfer Reform - Expands a judge’s ability to hold “reverse remand” hearings (reverse waiver) for youth under the age of 18 transferred to the adult justice system from specifically delineated sex offenses to a much wider array of criminal offenses.
Juvenile Justice in Arizona: The Fiscal Foundations of Effective Policy
"This report will summarize research on the negative effects of confinement and the benefits community-based treatment, discuss the potential impact of SB1478, note how some other states are dealing with these same issues, and set out a number of policy options facing the state."
Juveniles Processed in the Arizona Court System
The Juvenile Justice Services Division of the Arizona Supreme Court regularly produces system reports that provide an overview of the juveniles processed at various stages of the juvenile justice system statewide during each fiscal year, including extensive data about youth prosecuted as adults.
Improving Public Safety by Keeping Youth Out of the Adult Criminal Justice System
This 2010 report by The Children's Action Alliance provides the most recent data and policy recommendations concerning youth tried as adults in Arizona. According to the report, in 2009 there were over 600 youth prosecuted as adults. More than one-quarter (29%) of these youth were not charged with violent offenses, but were charged with property or misdemeanor crimes. Forty percent of youth were charged automatically in adult court based on the nature of the crime they were charged with and their age; another 16% were automatically charged in adult court based on their age, offense, and offense history. More than one-third (37%) of the youth were charged at the sole discretion of the prosecutor. Less than 10% of youth were transferred to adult court after a hearing in which a juvenile court judge had the opportunity to examine all of the circumstances in the case. Youth of color were particularly harmed by these laws: more than half of the youth prosecuted as adults were Hispanic and 17% were African American. The recommendations of the report include: 1) modifying the age of juvenile court jurisdiction to ensure youth get the services they need; 2) making changes to the transfer laws to prevent youth from ending up in the adult system; 3) changing the custodial interrogation procedures to be age and developmentally appropriate; and 4) developing more suitable sanctions for youth who are sentenced in adult court.